## Course Description

41101  Calculus (1)

Functions: domain, operations on function, graphs of functions, trigonometric functions; limits: meaning of a limit, computational techniques, limits at infinity, infinite limits: continuity; limits and continuity of trigonometric functions; the; the derivative: techniques of differentiation, derivatives of trigonometric functions chain rule; implicit differentiation; differentials; Rolls Theorem; the mean value theorem; the extended mean value theorem; L Hospitals rule; increasing and decreasing functions; concavity maximum and minimum and minimum values of a function; graphs of functions including rational functions (asymptotes) and factions with vertical tangents(cusps); anti-derivatives; the indefinite integral; the definite integral; the fundamental theorem of calculus; the area under curve; the area between two curves; transcendental functions: inverse functions, logarithmic and exponential functions; derivatives and integrals; limits(the indeterminate forms);hyperbolic functions and their inverses; inverse trigonometric functions; some techniques of integration.

42104  General Physics For Pharmacy

This course covers a number of topics: units and dimensions; vectors, laws of motion; energy and power; electricity and magnetic forces, electrical fields and potentials, electric circuits; heat and its impact on gases and thermal properties of matter; vibrations and wave motion (in terms of description) electromagnetic waves (sound and light); lasers, absorption and release of rays; laser applications and microscopes.

43104  General Chemistry for Pharmacy

Measurements and significant figures, chemical reactions, stoichiometry, the gaseous state, themochemistry , electronic structure and periodicity, chemical bonding, molecular shapes, states of matter and intermolecular forces, physical properties of solutions, principles of equilibrium.

43108  General Chemistry Lab for Pharmacy

The course includes experiments dealing with the following topics, safety and laboratory rules, chemical observations, stoicioetry, volumetric analysis, oxidation and reduction, colligative properties, thermochemistry and equilibrium.

81111  Organic Chemistry

Alkanes and cycloakanes, alkenes and alkynes , stereochemistry, common organic reactions, substitution, addition, elimination, alcohols, ethers, conjugated systems.

81113  Organic ChemistryLab

Practical introduction to the principles of organic chemistry techniques which include: melting point, boiling point, solubility, re-crystallization, refractive index, and specific angle of rotation for optically active compounds. Also this course includes the Isolation of drugs from their natural sources, by means of extraction, steam distillation, chromatography...est. In addition to, identification of alcohols, aldehydes & ketones. Synthesis of one familiar drug (Aspirin) will be carried out as well.

44101  General Biology (1)

Internal structure of the cell. Molecules of the cell. Metabolism-respiration and photosynthesis, cell- cell signaling, cell division, Mendelian inheritance, molecular biology of the gene, DNA technology, chemical signals in plants and animals, phylogeny and systematic introduction to ecosystematics and to ecosystems.

44102  General Biology (2)

Animal and plant tissues, Mammalian circulation, immune system, gas exchange, controlling the internal environment, nervous system and motor mechanism. Transport in plants, plant nutrition, plant reproduction and development. Eco-distribution and adaptations of organisms, population ecology and community ecology.

44105  General Biology Lab (1)

Laboratory experiments in microscopy and cells, chemical aspects of cells, plant and animal tissues, animal and plant physiology. Mammalian anatomy, and systematic of major living groups.

45200  Computer Science For Medical Technology

This course covers topics such as: Introduction to medical computing and health informatics, Data Base Systems using Access, Webpage Design using HTML, Statistical Analysis using Microsoft Excel and SPSS. The course also covers topics in computer science applications in Health care, Medical Education, Medical Visualization and Simulation.

Also, this course includes the usage of outline references related to drugs, diseases, drug-drug interactions, and therapeutics.

81212  Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry

Classification, nomenclature, properties, reactions and preparation of various organic compounds (emphasis on those of pharmaceutical significance). Preparation methods and characteristics of heterocyclic and polycyclic aromatic compounds of pharmaceutical interest. In addition to stereochemistry and its relation to pharmacologically active compounds.

81214  Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry Lab

Applications of various methods and techniques used in the identifications of

functional groups of organic compounds of pharmaceutical interest. Synthesis of some compounds will be undertaken.

81221  Pharmaceutical Chemical Analysis

Discusses various analytical methods used in drug analysis in order to identify structure, purity and action, including gravimetric and titrimetric methods of analysis; theory of neutralization; titrations; precipitation titrimetry; complex-formation titrations; theory of molecular absorption spectroscopy; analytical separation by solvent extraction and an introduction to chromatographic methods.

81222  Pharmaceutical Chemical Analysis Lab

The practical course is designed for the applications of various analytical methods to substances used in pharmacy and medicine.

81331  Pharmaceutical Instrumental Analysis

Study of the basic and modern instrumental methods used in the qualitative and quantitative analysis of pharmaceutical active and non-active chemicals in different dosage forms.  In addition to quality control analysis stated in the pharmacopoeias e.g. spectroscopy and chromatography.

81332  Pharmaceutical Instrumental Analysis Lab

Practical application of instrumental methods. In addition, training on the interpretation of instrumental analysis results and applications of these methods in the elucidation of their structures and concentration determination of the studied samples.

81341  Phytochemistry

Provides information on the importance of naturally occurring products from their chemical, pharmaceutical and therapeutic applications. Natural products are classified to: volatile oils, resins, balsams, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides, saponins, phenolic and related compounds, coumarins and tannins. In addition, different naturally occurring secondary metabolites, originating from acetate and malonate pathway, and natural nitrogenous compounds and always will be covered

81342  Phytochemistry Lab

This course is a practical study of natural chemical groups such as flavonoids, glycosides, volatile, alkaloids and fixed oils, ways of their identification and evaluation according to pharmaceutical compendias. The course deals with their isolation and identification using chromatographic and spectroscopic methods.

81443  Phytochemical Analysis

Provides student with basic information on analytical and instrumental methodology in the plant sciences and their utilization in natural products investigations, in particular herbal drugs identification and evaluation. This encompasses methods and techniques relevant to the extraction, separation, purification, identification and evaluation (qualitative and quantitative) of natural products and their derived substances and metabolites. Topics related to analysis of plant-derived extracts and plant products used as food, pharmaceutical, and/or medicinal substances, where emphasis will be placed upon chemical, spectroscopic and chromatographic evaluation. Methods of analysis used to evaluate selected herbal drugs approved and included in herbal pharmacopoeias and official sources will be discussed.

81444  Phytochemical Analysis Lab

Application of qualitative analysis of secondary metabolites using thin layer chromatography (TLC) and the isolation and identification of secondary metabolites from plant drugs, using chromatographic and spectroscopic methods (TLC, IR, UV).

81351  Medicinal Chemistry (1)

Introduction to medicinal chemistry. Study of drug physicochemical properties, distribution, metabolism and excretion. In addition to structure activity relationships. Emphasis will be on preservatives, disinfectants, anti-fungal drugs and antibiotics.

81352  Medicinal Chemistry (2)

Study of chemistry of drugs; chemical structure and mechanism of action.  The course covers topics in autonomic drugs, Central Nervous System drugs and hormones.

81354  Medicinal Chemistry Lab

Assays and tests of medicinal substances and their pharmaceutical preparations will be carried out to provide means of quality control by applying the various methods and techniques described in the official sources.

81453  Medicinal Chemistry (3)

The study of the various classes of pharmacodynamic drugs.  Their chemistry, mechanisms of action, pharmacological-clinical uses and structure- activity relationships. . Introduction to new methods of drug synthesis and evaluation.

82111  Physiochemical Principles For Pharmacy

Study of the physicochemical properties of molecules incorporated in pharmaceutical preparations.

82212  Physical Pharmacy

Study of physico-chemical properties that control complex formation including drug stability and factors affecting it and shelf-life determination. In addition, diffusion and absorption will be discussed.

82213  Physical Pharmacy  Lab

Involves the physicochemical principles which controls the basic processes e.g. drug diffusion through membranes, the effect of temperature on solubility, factors affecting drug stability, improving drug solubility using different methods, distribution of drugs between two immiscible solvents and calculations of complex stability constants.

82231  Pharmaceutical Calculations and Compounding

Introduction about pharmacy practice and routes of administration. Formulation and compounding of various pharmaceutical dosage forms (solutions, suspensions, emulsions, ointments, powders, suppositories, parenteral and ophthalmic products, oral unit dosage forms).  In addition to, calculation methodologies needed and  to produce any pharmaceutical preparation.

82233  Pharmaceutical Calculations and Compounding  Lab

Introducing students to basic pharmaceutical dosage forms: liquid, semi-solid, and solid types. The lab sessions involve the basic principles of compounding, preparation skills, and basics underlying the selection of formulating ingredients, packaging, labeling and storage conditions for final selection of finished products.

82321  Pharmaceutical Technology (1)

Comprehensive survey of industrial processes used in the production of pharmaceuticals.  Transfer processes and unit operation with emphasis on subjects of pharmaceutical interests especially tabletting. Quality control, quality assurance and GMP regulations are covered. Internal design of the pharmaceutical plant will be discussed.

82322  Pharmaceutical Technology (1) Lab

Cover the unit process operation (size reduction, mixing, granulation and tabletting) in addition to quality control and pre-formulation; suggesting formula for certain drug knowing its physiochemical properties, formulation and evaluation using proper instruments .

82423  Pharmaceutical Technology (2)

The principles and designs of liquid and semisolid dosage forms. Physicochemical factors, which influence their formulation, stability and large-scale manufacture will be discussed. Subjects like microencapsulation and packaging processes will be also covered.

82424  Pharmaceutical Technology (2) Lab

Application of different tablet coating (film coating and enteric coating). Evaluating the coating process and coated dosage forms. In addition to design and evaluation of sustained release matrix. Quality control of semisolid dosage forms will be addressed. The evaluation of micro encapsulation will be covered.

83101  Nutrition For Pharmacy

This course focuses on the fundamentals of nutrition science that covers the role of healthy eating on health and wellness, the dietary guidelines for healthy diet planning, the digestive tract, the principles of digestion, absorption, and metabolism of the energy yielding nutrients (proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates), as well as the essential role of water, vitamins and minerals in the body. The second part of the course will cover the principles of enteral and parenteral nutrition, and the interaction between diet and drug.

83102  Biostatistics

Topics covered in this course include: classification of statistical data and methods of presentation; collection, organization and analysis of data; sampling; techniques in hypothesis; correlation and analysis of variance; simple linear regression, medical and biological applications on all of the above.

83211  Biochemistry (1)

This course is designed to provide an understanding of the structure of the chemical components of living matter. The course will cover the four major classes of biological molecules: water, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids. An emphasis will be on the chemical properties and three-dimensional structure of these molecules in relationship to their biological function. Principles of bioenergetics, the mechanisms of enzyme action, enzyme kinetics, and the control mechanisms which regulate enzymatic reactions will be discussed.

83212  Biochemistry (2)

Main biochemical concepts regarding the different metabolic pathways of biomolecules; carbohydrates, lipids. Proteins and nucleotides. Storage and expression of genetic information will be covered in this course.

83213  Biochemistry (1) Lab

Biochemistry lab course covers the topics given in biochemistry theory course which include:

pH measurements, separation methods of biomolecules like: molecular exclusion chromatography, adsorption chromatography , spectrophotometric measurements , protein isolation and characterization techniques, DNA extraction, carbohydrate characterization , use of DNA in recombinant DNA technology like PCR , in addition to many specific clinical tests to plasma proteins such as bilirubin test, cholesterol test and uric acid test.

83231  Pharmaceutical Microbiology (1)

Basic information of microorganisms, their basic structure and mode of growth.  Medical, pharmaceutical and environmental importance of some microorganisms. Studied microorganisms include: Bacteria, Fungi, and Parasites of medical importance.

83321  Pharmacognosy

Study of basic information of Pharmacognosy and medicinal plants regarding classification and identification of their components with emphasis on primary metabolites (carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids and drugs derived from them). Also, plants’ parts used, uses of each plant, active constituents, and mode of action are covered .

83322  Pharmacognosy Lab

Physical and microscopical examinations of some medicinal plants and identification of them and of their components using chromatographic and compendial qualitative and quantitative analysis.

83332  Pharmaceutical Microbiology (2)

Antimicrobial chemotherapy mode of action and product use. Study sterilization, disinfection, anti-sepsis, preservation and good manufacturing practice in the control of contamination. Methods used for the evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy and factors affecting it. Some applications of microorganisms in pharmaceutical sciences.

83333  Pharmaceutical Microbiology Lab

Develop the skills of identifying microorganisms, measuring the efficacy and potency of different antimicrobial agents, using different sterilization methods. Designing optimum sterilization cycles. Techniques for microbial quality monitoring for both sterile and non sterile dosage forms.

83414  Pharmaceutical Clinical Biochemistry

Introduction to clinical aspects of biochemical analysis. Utilization of laboratory findings in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases will be discussed.

84211  Physiology For Pharmacy (1)

Correlation of morphological, biochemical and functional organization of the human body as related to normal state. Topics include cell, nerve and muscle, autonomic and central nervous systems, blood and body fluids muscular system, cardiovascular system, and respiratory system physiology.

84212  Physiology For Pharmacy (2)

Correlation of morphological, biochemical and functional organization of the human body as related to normal state. Topics include: GI system, endocrine system, reproductive systems, renal system, and special topics such as skin, and sensory organs.

84213  Immunology

This course focuses on immunology terminology and basic principles of immunology. Emphasis is placed on biological and biochemistry aspects of host resistance, immunity types of hypersensitivity and suggested treatment; body resistance to different types of diseases. In addition to, body resistence to implants.

84221  Anatomy for Pharmacy

An overview of structure of the human body and tissues and their cooperative role in normal function. Topics include: embryology, blood, nervous, musculoskeletal, skin, cardiovascular, digestive, urinary, respiratory, endocrine, and reproductive system

84222  Anatomy and Physiology Lab For Pharmacy

This course is a practical overview of human anatomy and physiology (i.e., body structure and function) to emphasize all the topics mentioned in the related theoretical courses. Includes practical study on Human Body Models.

84271  First Aid and Public Health

This course investigates principles of preventive medicine, and public safety; vulnerability to emergency situations; first aid procedures; mother and child health care. The course also discusses communicable diseases, vaccination, and social medicine.

84331  Pathology For Pharmacy

Pathology is the study of disease processes and the response of normal tissue to injury. Pathology provides the scientific link between basic sciences and clinical medicine.

84332  Pathophysiology For Pharmacy

Considers the nature of major diseases, associated alterations in structure and function of human organs, and their clinical manifestations. Topics include cardiology, rheumatology, endocrine, gastrointestinal disorders and hematologic/ oncologlic, respiratory, renal and infectious diseases.

84341  Pharmacology (1)

Basic principles of pharmacology: pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetic principles, adverse drug reactions, drug-drug interactions, development of new drugs.  Major categories: drugs affecting autonomic nervous system, central nervous system , cardiovascular system, and autacoids. In addition to, sedatives and hypnotics, anti-convulsants, and migraine drugs are covered

84342  Pharmacology (2)

Study of drugs used in the management of infectious diseases, gastrointestinal system and respiratory system diseases. In addition, steroidal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and histamines and anti-histamines are all discussed.

84372  Pharmacoeconomics

Methods and techniques for evaluating costs and cost-effectiveness of health, medical, and pharmaceutical interventions. Emphasis on economic evaluation, decision analysis, and modeling techniques for resource allocation and decision making. Applications to technology assessment, health policy, clinical practice, drug pricing policy and price control, drug expenditure, and resource allocation.

84373  Pharmaceutical Promotion and Marketing (1)

Principles of marketing and marketing concepts. Needs, exchange and communication process. Modern concept of marketing and influence of environment. Pharmaceutical marketing aspects and its applications in Palestinian  market emphasizing on sales call steps, selling skills and techniques.

84443  Pharmacology (3)

Study of drugs used in the management of neuro-disease, blood diseases, tumors and kidney diseases. In addition, drugs used for endocrinal and hormonal disorders, agents affecting calcification and bone fragility. Drugs used in hospital delivery units are also covered.

84444  Pharmacology (4)

84481  Toxicology

Introduction to general principles of toxicology, definitions and types of toxic and poisonous materials. It also deals with the diagnosis, antidote treatment, and management of accidental poisoning from drug over dosage, toxic household products, poisonous plants, venomous animals, industrial and environmental toxicants.

84451  Therapeutics (1)

Patho-physiology, symptoms and aims of treatment. In addition to the basic knowledge on the drugs used, kinetics drug interactions, dose calculations, side effects, treatment algorithms and patient awareness. The diseases of the following systems will be covered: cardiovascular, endocrine, GIT and rheumatic diseases.

84452  Therapeutics (2)

Patho-physiology, symptoms and aims of treatment. In addition to the basic knowledge on the drugs used, kinetics drug interactions, dose calculations, side effects, treatment algorithms and patient awareness. The diseases of the following systems will be covered: infections, neuro diseases, blood diseases, tumors, respiratory diseases and kidney diseases.

81461  Research and Methodology

In this course the students will be trained on research methods including data analysis, types of research, graphic presentations and research ethics.

Students in this course are asked to perform a research in certain branch of pharmaceutical sciences.

A number of specialized instruments including GC-MS, FT-IR, HPLC are available for the use in teaching and student research.

Students will be taught how to write a research paper effectively.

The course will be designed such that faculty members will participate in supervising the students while doing their research projects. Emphasis will be made on the use of computer in data analysis and statistical methods and their interpretation using computerized statistical software.

Presentation and oral discussion are required as well as a written paper for our faculty committee.

84461  Biopharmaceutics

Study the factors influencing drug availability to the systemic circulation. Physicochemical properties of active ingredients, pharmaceutical dosage forms, physiological factors, routes of administration, drug absorption, distributation and elimination will all  be discussed.

84462  Pharmacokinetics

Study of the pharmacokinetic concepts, terminology, models, factors affecting drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and its importance in drug activities and side effects. Emphasis will be placed upon the prediction of plasma levels of drugs under varying conditions applying different pharmacokinetic parameters.

84463  Case Studies in Pharmacokinetics

Handling kinetic data and solving problems that may be encountered in a clinical set up.

84546  Nonprescription Drugs

Study how to assist the patient with optimal use of non-prescription drugs. Patients counseling regarding the proper and safe usage of drugs will be also discussed.

84575  Pharmacy Regulations and Ethics

Introduction to existing laws and regulations governing the practice and ethics of Pharmacy profession in Palestine.

81433  Applied Chromatography

Advanced study of the modern methods of chromatography used in separation &

purification of pharmaceutical compounds such as :- PC, TLC, GC, HPLC and other techniques.

82441  Cosmetics Science

This course emphasizes the chemical concepts and technology behind the manufacturing processes, formulation and general properties of the finished products. The required specifications for cosmetic materials, mechanism of their effectiveness and action.

82442  Pharmaceutical Excipients

The aim of this course is to improve the knowledge of students about Pharmaceutical Excipients that are involved in the manufacturing of dosage forms, cosmetics and food. The adverse effects, toxicity and daily intake of these excipients are also discussed.

Brief discussion of radioactivity of certain pharmacologically active compounds. This course covers:

the use of radioisotopes in medicine and pharmacy, and precautions required in handling and storage of these radioisotopes.

82444  Pharmaceutical Sterilization

This course clarifies the different methods of sterilization and focuses on the new steps that must be followed in order to prepare sterile products according to the new international standards.

83415  Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

An introduction to replication and gene expression of prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems. In addition progress to cover recombinant (DNA) technology and cloning for the production of pharmaceutics, followed by the application of (DNA) biotechnology including disease treatment, in vitro fertilization, and gene transfer.

83423  Poisonous and Hallucinogenic Plants

Identification and study of poisonous and hallucinogenic plants. In addition to symptoms, prophylactics and treatment. Emphasis is given on plants found in Palestine.

84276  History of Pharmacy and Medicine

This is a historical study of medicine and pharmacy throughout the ages. The course highlights the Muslim Arab scientists' contributions to both, pharmacy and medicine.

84356  Pharmacy Practice and Communication Skills

Discusses the fundamentals of the skills and rules concerned with pharmacy practice in both hospital and community pharmacies. This course covers: dealing with the prescription, use and misuse of drugs, patient compliance, concordance, and services for vulnerable patients. In addition to communication skills required for pharmacy practice and the role of the pharmacist in giving advice and information.

84377  Ethics of Medical Profession

This course, as the title suggests, emphasizes the ethical principle upon which the medical professions and pharmacy in particular rest. The course looks at the nature and place of pharmaceutical services in society, and moral standards and professionalism expected from a pharmacist.

84433  Infectious Diseases

This course is designed to explore the proper use of antimicrobials to treat infectious diseases. Infections of different organ system will be covered including: respiratory, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, CNS, skin, wound infections, fungal infections, tuberculosis, sepsis and AIDS.

84482  Environmental Toxicology

This course focuses mainly of the effect produced by poisons on the environment (humans, animals, plants, soil, water,….etc). It includes detailed studying of groups of environmental pollutants, the need to further research and investigation in this area, bioaccumulation, the effect of poisons on all levels of the universe, and the methods and pathways leading to contamination and the methods of calculating or estimating them.

84447  Veterinary Medical Products

This course aims to provide pharmacy students with the necessary knowledge, of all aspects of the veterinary drugs. The course covers the mechanism of action of veterinary medicines, their kinetics, drugs’ withdrawal time, their toxicity and adverse affects on human. Dosage forms and doses of these drugs will also be covered.

84454  Alternative Medicine

This course deals with different aspects of alternative medicine, such as a acupuncture, traditional homeopathy, herbalism, yoga, boiged back medication and others.

84455  Pharmaceutical Care

This course emphasizes on drug therapy assessment, creating a pharmacy care plan, monitoring the care plan, and communicating recommendations in an inpatient setting. Introductory clinical experience and patient case presentations utilize the drug information and patient monitoring skills learned earlier.

84457  Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation

This course covers several aspects including the physiological changes during pregnancy, the pharmacokinetics of medication in pregnancy, medication secreted in breast milk, utilization of medications during pregnancy, for several diseases such as upper respiratory tract infection, urinary tract infection, gastrointestinal disease, pain, infections, diabetes, hypertension, acne, and dental problems. It also covers the use of complementary and alternative medicine during pregnancy and lactation.

84474  Pharmaceutical Promotion and Marketing (2)

Marketing strategy and marketing management. Environmental forces anticipation and contingency planning. Marketing plan development. Team work, time and stress management briefing. Some consumer behavior aspects.

81462  Research in Cancer

Students in this course will perform a scientific project about cancer mainly by designing and preparing novel compounds for its treatment. Faculty members will supervise and control all of these research projects and will make sure that research is carried out according to fine scientific research methods.

Students will be taught how to write a research paper effectively.

Presentation and oral discussion are required as well as a written paper for our faculty committee.

81445  Research in medicinal plants

Students in this course will study medicinal plants that have been investigated chemically and biologically. Faculty members will supervise and control all of these research projects and will make sure that research is carried out according to fine scientific research methods.

Students will be taught how to write a research paper effectively.

Presentation and oral discussion are required as well as a written paper for our faculty committee.

82445  Research in drug delivery

Students in this course will perform a scientific project about drug delivery.

Faculty members will supervise and control all of these research projects and will make sure that research is carried out according to fine scientific research methods.

Students will be taught how to write a research paper effectively.

Presentation and oral discussion are required as well as a written paper for our faculty committee.

84483  Research in toxicology

Students in this course will perform a scientific project about toxicology.

Faculty members will supervise and control all of these research projects and will make sure that research is carried out according to fine scientific research methods.

Students will be taught how to write a research paper effectively.

Presentation and oral discussion are required as well as a written paper for our faculty committee.

84458  Research in clinical pharmacy

Students in this course will perform a scientific project about clinical pharmacy. Faculty members will supervise and control all of these research projects and will make sure that research is carried out according to fine scientific research methods.

Students will be taught how to write a research paper effectively.

Presentation and oral discussion are required as well as a written paper for our faculty committee.

84453  Research in clinical pharmacy