The history of the University dates to 1967, when Sheikh Mohammed Ali Al-Ja'bari realized that the Israeli Occupation of the West Bank and Gaza would eventually lead to isolating the cities and towns. Sheikh Al-Ja'bari and other Palestinian personalities established Hebron (Al-Khalil) University in 1971 pioneering higher education in Palestine.
This helped the University overcome Israeli measures, and create a good opportunity for the needy and conservative families who would not otherwise send their daughters out of town to pursue higher education, either due to financial considerations or due to traditions. In 1971, the University started as a small college of Shari' a (Islamic Law) serving a total of 43 students. The University now offers 39 programs leading to Bachelor degrees and 6 programs leading to Master degree.
Hebron University awards B.A or B.Sc degrees in each of its 8 faculties: Faculty of Agriculture, Faculty of Al-Shari'a, Faculty of Arts, Faculty of Education, Faculty of Finance and Management, Faculty of Science and Technology, Faculty of Nursing and College of Graduate Studies & Scientific Research offers seven Master degrees in the Arabic Language & Literature, English Linguistics, Business Administration, Islamic Judiciary Law, Plant Protection, Sustainable Natural Resources and Management and History.