Course Description

52110   Fundamentals of zoology

The organization of life (atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs and body systems). Principles of genetics, classification of living things and the concentration on animal kingdom taxonomy. Structures & life processes in animals (skin, bones, muscles, nutrition & metabolism, internal transport, internal defense, gas exchange, fluid balance, neural control, animal hormones, reproduction, development  & animal ecology and evolution. 

52111   Fundamentals of zoology lab.

This course is designed to provide practical experience and reinforcement of the material discussed in lectures of the introduction to zoology course. 

52211   Principles of Animal Production

The role of farm animals in providing food and other products to the human being.  Animal products (milk, meat, wool, eggs and leathers). Basic terminology common to animal science.  Common breeds of farm animals,  the basic scientific principles of feeding,  reproduction,  breeding an management of farm animals. 

52220   Feeds and Animal Feeding (1)

Relationship between animal and feed.  The feed  nutrients (carbohydrates,  fats, proteins,  vitamins, minerals and water).  Physiology of digestive tract,  digestive enzymes,  and digestion and metabolism.  Methods of feed evaluation and estimation of specific nutrient requirements.

52230   Animal Physiology                           

Animal cell characters.  Anatomy and functions of various body organs and systems(skeletal, muscular, reproductive, digestive, respiratory, hormonal, nervous, excretory and circulatory system of birds and ruminants). Mammary glands and milk secretion. Growth, reproduction and artificial insemination

52240   Poultry Production and Management 

The poultry industry, Anatomy, Physiology,  and breeds of chickens.  Principles of poultry breeding, nutrition, brooding and rearing. Housing and equipment. Lighting management, flock recycling, records management. Incubation and hatchery management,  control of diseases and parasites,  marketing.

52243   Poultry Prod. and Management / Lab.

Dissecting of birds to study anatomy and physiology of various body organs and systems.  The student has to be trained on different practical skills and routine works in poultry houses such as: cleaning, disinfecting,  brooding,  rearing, vaccination, debeaking, feed formulation, ……..etc,). Visiting and if possible participating in works at local hatcheries and feed factories.

52241   Dairy Cattle Production                   

Importance of dairy cattle and their products,  breeding and genetic improvement,  feeding,  reproduction,  lactation and health management of dairy herds.

52321   Feeds and Animal Feeding (2)        

Voluntary intake of feed and Nutrient requirements of farm animals.  Traditional methods of ration formulation.  Least cost ration formulation.  The animal feedstuffs: forages, silage, hay, straw, cereal grains and their industrial by products and the protein concentrates.  The metabolic diseases in animals.

52322   Feeds and Animal Feeding / lab.    

The student will be accustomed to different animal feedstuffs, vitamin premixes, methods of taking a sample for chemical analysis.  The proximate analysis and Van Soest analysis of feeds. Determination of calcium, phosphorus and trace minerals level in animal feeds.  Measuring of gross energy and digestibility of feedstuffs.

52250   Animal Health                                  

The animal health and environmental factors. Water and milk pollution. Disinfectants and methods of disinfecting. Disease definition, occurrence, methods of disease transmission and preventive measures of disease spread.  Basic knowledge of vaccination programs.  Hygienic conditions and sick animal handling and isolation.  An introduction to the most common diseases of animals and poultry in our region.

52351   Poultry Diseases and Parasites      

The economic importance of diseases and their effects on poultry industry. The bacterial, viral, parasitic, fungal and nutritional diseases of poultry.

52352   Poultry Diseases & Parasites / Lab.                                  

Dissecting of diseased birds to diagnose the diseases that infected them. Lab. diagnosis of diseases and sensitivity test for antibiotics.  Poultry medicines, their properties and use.

52360   Range Management  

Range and man, range land physical characteristics, description of range land types, range plant physiology, range ecology, range inventory and monitoring, stocking rate, selection of grazing systems, range animal nutrition, range management for multiple use, range management in developing countries. 

52370   Genetic Improvement of Farm Animals

The cell genetic material.  Inheritance of qualitative and quantitative traits, heritability, estimation of breeding value, repeatability, gene frequency, and genetic and phenotypic correlations.  Methods of genetic improvement, selection and crossbreeding.  Keeping records and methods of breeding.  Interaction between environmental factors and genetic factors. 

52423   Ruminant Nutrition                          

The importance of ruminant animals and animals classification. Growth and development of the ruminant digestive system. Microbiology of the rumen and intestine. Ruminal fermentation and feed utilization and ingestion . Salivary function and production. The passage of ingested feed through the gastro intestinal tract. Digestion and absorption of feed in ruminants, the use of unconventional feed sources. 

52424   Poultry Nutrition                              

Digestion and metabolism of various nutrients.  Feed nutrients and their deficiency symptoms. Feeding management of layers, broilers and turkey.  Nutrient requirements at various stages and factors affecting those requirements. Non –nutritive feed additives. Nutrition, disease and stress interrelationships.  Ration formulation for different types of poultry.

52442   Sheep Production                            

Characteristics of various breeds of sheep.  Principles of feeding, breeding, reproduction,  housing, management and marketing.

52443   Sheep Production  / Lab.                       

This course is designed to provide practical experience and reinforcement of the material discussed in lectures of the sheep production course.

52552   Farm Animals Diseases                   

This course covers the bacterial, viral, fungal, parasitic and nutritional diseases of sheep, cows, goats and horses.

52580   Seminar in Animal Production and Protection

Individual term paper presentation and group discussions by students on current subject and problems within the area of Animal production and protection.

52501   Research in Animal Production and Protection

The student has to conduct a practical research in an animal farm or in a laboratory about a subject in animal production or protection under supervision of an academic advisor.

52581   Field Practices in Animal Production and Protection (1)  

The student is trained on the routine works and skills in poultry, sheep and dairy cow’s farms. Also he has to be familiar with or if possible participates in routine works in the local hatcheries and feed factories.

52582   Field Practices in Animal Production and Protection (2)  

The student is trained on the routine works and skills in poultry, sheep and dairy cow’s farms. Also he has to be familiar with or if possible participates in routine works in the local hatcheries and feed factories.

52300   Special Topics                                  

This course aims to give the student a specialized scientific material in animal production and protection that was not included in the study plan, and the department found it important for the department students.

52303   Building, Machinery and Equipment in Animal Production

Electricity in Animal farms.  Ventilators, drinking system, Drainage system, milking system and equipments.  Harvesters and processing of harvested products.  Incubators and hatcheries.  Dairy processing equipments.

52331   Reproduction and Artificial Insemination                          

Male and female reproductive system.  Endocrine system, sexual maturity and estrus cycle. Natural and artificial insemination.  Fertility and reproductive efficiency.  Semen collection, analysis, dilution, and preservation.  Insemination techniques in farm animals. Environmental and management factors affecting reproductive efficiency in animals.

52361   Range Improvement                        

Planing for range improvement, methods of controlling unwanted plants (biological control, mechanical control, and chemical control), Range burning, planning for range reseeding, range fertilization, control of rodents and insects, preparing and maintaining range land structures (watering points, fence, … etc.).

52362   Range Animal Nutrition

Nutrient composition of grazing animal feed. Methods for determining the nutritional value of grazing animal diets. Voluntary intake of forages, comparative nutritive value of plant parts and of range forages and seasonal effects on forage nutritive value. Comparative nutrition of grazing animals, range use by more than one kind of animal, and carrying capacity.  Animal behavior and selectivity, energy expenditure by grazing animals, and supplementing range livestock.

52390   Animal Ecology

Influence of various environmental factors on farm animals. These factors include; temperature, light, wind, snow, rain …etc.  The animal response and adaptability to different environmental conditions .The control methods of environmental conditions.

52445   Rabbit Production                            

Importance of Rabbit production and principle ideas for the establishment of a rabbits project. Breeds and production purposes.  Principles of feeding, reproduction, management, marketing, genetic improvement and health.  Rabbit houses and equipments.

52446   Poultry Production In Hot Regions 

Present status and future of poultry industry in hot regions.  Behavioral, physiological, neuroendocrine and molecular responses to heat stress.  Housing for improved performance in hot climates.  Nutrient requirements and feeding management of pullets, layers, breeders and broilers. Feedstuffs used in hot regions and hatchery management.

52502   Animal Behavior                              

The influence of farm animal’s behavior on the success of management programs. Behaviors of farm animals relating to communication, learning, social relationships, reproduction, feeding and the physiological basis of these behaviors. Management systems for commercial livestock production an their implications and effects on animal behavior.

52544   Beef Cattle Production                                                        

Various breeds of beef cattle.  Principles of feeding, breeding, management, marketing and health.  Equipments used in beef cattle farms.

52553   Veterinary medicine                        

Basics of veterinary pharmacology.  Drugs sources and classes, their effects and their mode of action on different body systems.  Interaction between drugs and the side effects of drugs.  Kinetics of drugs in animal body, routes and methods of drug administration. Basics of vaccinology.